Pinyin Name & English Translation
Upper Spring of Integrity
1 cun below the midpoint of the lower jaw, in the depression between the hyoid bone and the lower border of the jaw.
Alalia (loss of speech due to paralysis of vocal cords), salivation with stiff tongue, sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, loss of voice.
Maciocia, Giovanni. The Foundations of Chinese Medicine. London: Churchill Livingstone, 1989
OíConnor, John and Bensky, Dan, trans. Acupuncture, A Comprehensive Text. Seattle: Eastland Press, 1981
Xinnong, Cheng, et al. Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1987.